The latest Innovations in Agriculture of 2018

Earth is our home and provides us with the means to sustain our life. From the valuable water reserves to the inhabitable atmosphere, all of them serve to support the ecosystem of life. Among all the natural resources at our disposal, the plants and animals that eventually become a part of our diet are one of the most important. This has led to the development of the concept of agriculture which is the practice of activities that promotes the growth of plants and rearing of animals with the purpose of attaining benefit from them.

Down the ages, the processes have been refined in order to increase the production generated from agriculture and to reduce the ill effects on the environment. To understand this better, we will discuss a few recent innovations in the world of agriculture. Soybeans are a great source of proteins in our diets but to grow them, nitrogen based fertilizers have to be used as the natural process may not fulfill their needs.

This has contributed to the excessive use of fertilizers which in turn has caused disruptions in the ecosystem such as eutrophication (excessive growth of water plants that depletes the oxygen levels thus killing marine life). Now researchers in Brazil have recently found that by spraying soya bean seeds with bacteria found in its roots and then providing additional sprays during different stages of the soya bean development, you can increase the number of root nodules of the plant. The increased root nodules may allow soya bean plant to fulfill their nitrogen requirement through the natural process thus reducing the need to use fertilizers.

Another interesting development that has been noted by researchers in Germany is that you can cut down on the need to use pesticides for wheat plants if you have diverse crops around it. This is achieved due the fact that the natural enemies of aphids, a pest that can devour crops, such as spiders and ladybirds are nearby. This creates hindrance for the aphids which can reproduce at a high rate and protects the crops without using pesticides. If the crops were purely wheat then the natural enemies would have gone away in search of food in spring as the aphids reproduce in May.

This again protects the environment from the ill effects of pesticides and promotes an eco-friendly solution to the pest problem. Truly a solution of the future, scientists have developed a robot named TerraSentia that can be used for data collection about crops. The robot is light weight and small enough to maneuver in the fields without damaging the crops. It has a vast array of sensors, including a camera that transmits data in real time to a laptop or a tablet.

According to the scientists, it would reduce the cost of the data collection as the same task can be achieved quicker with lesser man power. This is a great way to unlocking the secrets about the ideal development conditions for particular crops and increasing the yield exponentially. With the introduction of robots, it can be considered a huge step in modernizing agriculture globally.

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